Our Substitute: The Great Exchanger


Martin Luther called Christ’s death in our place “The Great Exchange”…He took our sin and bore the wrath of God, and we received His perfect righteousness as a gift.  Here is  J.C. Ryle on Mark’s account of the Crucifixion of Jesus in chapter 15:

We shall find it useful to examine separately the several parts of our Lord’s passion. Let us follow Him step by step from the moment of His condemnation by Pilate to His last hour upon the cross. There is a deep meaning in every jot and tittle of His sorrows. All were striking emblems of spiritual truths. And let us not forget as we dwell on the wondrous story, that we and our sins were the cause of all these sufferings. “Christ suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God.” (1 Peter 3:18.) It is the death of our own Surety and Substitute that we are reading.

jesus arrestedFirst of all we see Jesus delivered into the hands of the Roman soldiers, as a criminal condemned to death. He before whom the whole world will one day stand and be judged, allowed Himself to be sentenced unjustly, and given over into the hands of wicked men.

And why was this? It was that we, the poor sinful children of men, believing on Him, might be delivered from the pit of destruction, and the torment of the prison of hell. It was that we might be set free from every charge in the day of judgment, and be presented faultless before God the Father with exceeding joy.

Jesus-crown-of-thornsSecondly, we see Jesus insulted and made a laughing-stock by the Roman soldiers. They “clothed Him with purple” in derision, and put “a crown of thorns” on His head, in mockery of his kingdom. “They smote Him on the head with a reed, and spit upon Him,” as one utterly contemptible, and no better than “the filth of the world.” (1 Cor. 4:13.)

And why was this? It was that we, vile as we are, might have glory, honor, and eternal life through faith in Christ’s atonement. It was done that we might be received into God’s kingdom with triumph at the last day, and receive the crown of glory that fades not away.

SoldiersCastingLotsThirdly, we see Jesus stripped of His garments and crucified naked before His enemies. The soldiers who led Him away “parted His garments, casting lots upon them.”

And why was this? It was that we, who have no righteousness of our own, might be clothed in the perfect righteousness that Christ has wrought out for us, and not stand naked before God at the last day. It was done, that we, who are all defiled with sin, might have a wedding-garment, wherein we may sit down by the side of angels, and not be ashamed.

Crucifixion of ChristFourthly, we see Jesus suffering the most ignominious and humiliating of all deaths, even the death of the cross. It was the punishment reserved for the worst of malefactors. The man on whom it was inflicted was counted accursed. It is written, “Cursed is everyone that hangs on a tree.” (Gal. 3:13.)

And why was this? It was that we, who are born in sin and children of wrath, might be counted blessed for Christ’s sake. It was done to remove the curse which we all deserve because of sin, by laying it on Christ. “Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us.” (Gal. 3:13.)

Fifthly, we see Jesus reckoned a transgressor and a sinner. “With him they crucify two thieves.” He who had done no sin, and in whom there was no deceit, “was numbered with the transgressors.”

And why was this? It was that we, who are miserable transgressors, both by nature and practice, may be reckoned innocent for Christ’s sake. It was done that we, who are worthy of nothing but condemnation, may be counted worthy to escape God’s judgment, and be pronounced not guilty before the assembled world.

Lastly, we see Jesus mocked when dying, as one who was an impostor, and unable to save Himself.

CROSSAnd why was this? It was that we, in our last hours, through faith in Christ may have strong consolation. It all came to pass that we may enjoy a strong assurance–may know whom we have believed, and may go down the valley of the shadow of death fearing no evil.

Let us leave the passage with a deep sense of the enormous debt which all believers owe to Christ. All that they have, and are, and hope for, may be traced up to the doing and dying of the Son of God. Through His condemnation, they have acquittal–through His sufferings, peace–through His shame, glory–through His death, life. Their sins were imputed to Him. His righteousness is imputed to them. No wonder that Paul says, “Thanks be unto God for His unspeakable gift.” (2 Cor. 9:15.)

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